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Key Basics of Interior Design


Living spaces, if designed right, have the power to provide excitement, inspiration, and even a sense of calm. They are an essential part of our lives and our spaces affect how we live, work, and generally go about our daily emotions. It’s therefore, but fair that we put some thought and care into these spaces. Interior design and decoration play a huge role in creating the desired experience in our spaces.

There are many different elements that go into crafting a space. Each such element has a significant impact on the way that we relate to our surroundings.

It is said that human beings experience their environments in five ways:

  1. Through the senses—sight, touch, taste, hearing, and smell.
  2. Through time and by movement through space.
  3. Through reasoning or thought, memory, or imagination.
  4. Through emotions, both pleasant and unpleasant.
  5. Through anticipation or expectation.

It takes a seasoned eye to understand this when analysing a space.  We make it easier for you by presenting a set of basic parameters you can follow to create an optimal experience for your senses. We hope this will help you make your homes and workplaces not only more functional but also more comfortable and comforting.

1. Balance

Our eyes love symmetry and visual representation of equality. This principle in design focuses on evenly distributing the weight of the elements to give an appearance or feeling of steadiness. Although, when followed too rigidly, it results in the space looking boring and lackluster. So it becomes very important to instill this balance with the aspects of design that are a lot less formal.

A good place to start would be finding a focal point. This could either be a television set, a fireplace, or even a large painting in your space and arranging objects evenly on either side of it to achieve symmetry. It helps to make sure that these objects are of the same weight. Here, weight is determined by size, colour, and texture of the objects (Eg. the colour black typically ‘weighs’ more than grey).

If you feel symmetry is not your thing, you can even create an asymmetrical balance. Instead of mirroring the elements on either side, you could have a go at slightly off-balance combinations that work for you in terms of colours and textures.

3. Scale

Scale explores the relationship between two or more objects in your living space. It is one of the key parameters to consider while designing or decorating your environment.

Offsetting standard-sized elements like hallway widths, chair sizes, and furniture heights, with other elements in differing sizes and heights, can help create some really fun visual focal points in the space. In fact, you can even play around with scale with the size of artworks, plants, and negative spaces. This is a great way to bring focus to the interesting and fun parts of your living space.

4. Repetition

Elements like colour, shape, and texture can really add more pizzazz to your living space, and repeating these elements really helps in unifying the space by creating a consistent visual experience.

If there is too much mismatch in textures or no specific colour scheme, it might create a lot of visual confusion. Our eyes are always drawn to consistent and repeating patterns and they instill a sense of calm in us. You can easily create this repetition with the help of paint, wallpapers, carpets, and even tiles

5. Harmony

Harmony is the ultimate goal of the entire process of designing and decorating. If you have great individual elements, but they don’t gel well together within the environment, it’ll leave you feeling uncomfortable and dissatisfied.

Creating a sense of harmony puts a person at ease within their environment. When harmony is in effect, the space feels complete because all its parts complement each other. This feeling is the result of balance, scale, and repetition being used in the right amounts. Harmony is often used as a measure to judge whether space works or not.

The next time you wish to improvise a space, we suggest you use the above guidelines to do so.

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