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Hike in Driving Penalties from 1 Sept 2019

The Motor Vehicles Act 2019 which came into effect from 1st September this year has a single focus - dissuading individuals from violating traffic rules.

In keeping with this goal, the Act has substantially increased existing penalties/punishments and also introduced newer ones.

Here is a comparative list of hike in penalties and newly introduced fines for driving errors as per the new Act (with effect from 1st September 2019)



Old Penalty

New Penalty (from 1st Sept 2019)

Offences where no penalty is specifically provided

Rs. 100 for first offence and Rs. 300 for second/subsequent offence

Rs. 500 for first offence, Rs. 1500 for second/subsequent offence

Violation of road regulations


Rs. 500 to Rs. 1,000

Travelling without Ticket

Rs. 200

Rs. 500

Disobedience of orders of Authority and refusal to share information

Rs. 500

Rs. 2000

Unauthorised use of vehicles without licence

Rs. 1,000

Rs. 5000

Driving without licence

Rs. 500

Rs. 5000

Driving despite disqualification

Rs. 500

Rs. 10,000


Rs. 400

Rs. 1000 - Rs. 2000 for light motor vehicle, Rs. 2000 - Rs. 4000 for medium passenger or goods vehicles and impounding of driving licence for second/subsequent offence.

Dangerous Driving


Imprisonment of 6 months to 1 year and/or fine of Rs. 1000 - Rs. 5000 for first offence and imprisonment up to 2 years and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000 for second offence.

Drunken Driving


Imprisonment up to 6 months and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000 for first offence and imprisonment up to 2 years and/or fine of Rs. 15,000 for second offence.

Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive

Rs. 200 for first offence, Rs. 500 for second/subsequent offence

First offence - Rs. 1000 and second/subsequent offence - Rs. 2000

Offences related to accident


Imprisonment of up to 6 months and/or fine up to Rs. 5000 for first offence and imprisonment up to 1 year and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000 for second offence.

Racing and speeding


Imprisonment of up to 1 month and/or fine up to Rs. 500 for first offence and imprisonment up to 1 month and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000 for second offence.

Driving uninsured vehicle

Fine of Rs. 1000 and/or punishment up to 3 months

Rs. 2000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the first offence and fine of Rs. 4000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the second offence.

Taking vehicle without lawful authority and seizing motor vehicle by force

Rs. 500

Rs. 5000

Causing obstruction to free flow of traffic

Rs. 50

Rs. 500

Not wearing a helmet

Rs. 100

Rs.1,000 and disqualification of licence for 3 months

Not wearing a safety belt

Rs. 100

Rs. 1000

Carrying excess passengers


Rs.1,000 per extra passenger

Offences by Juveniles


Rs.25,000 with Imprisonment of 3 years for which the Guardian / Owner shall be deemed to be guilty.

The juvenile will not be able to get a learner's licence until the age of 25. As per the Act, there will be an annual increase of these fines by up to 10 percent.

Oversized Vehicles


Rs. 5000

Vehicle Without Permit

Up to Rs.5000

Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.


Aggregators (Violations of Licensing Conditions)


Rs.25,000 to Rs.1 lakh


Rs.2000 and Rs.1000 per extra tonne

Rs.20,000 and Rs.2000 per extra tonne

Overloading of Passengers


Rs.1000 per extra passenger

Overloading of Two-Wheelers


Rs.2000 and Disqualification of License for 3 months

Failure to allow free passage to emergency vehicles


Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of 6 months



The Act has also brought about some changes and provisions for the appended scenarios -

  • Driving Licence Renewal

An individual should apply for renewal of driving licence any time between one year before its expiry and up to one year after its expiry. However, If the person applies after one year of expiry, then s/he will need to take the driving licence test again to qualify.

  •  Residential/ Place of Business Address Change

With effect from September 1, 2019, if you want to change your residential address or place of business on your driving licence, all you need to do is apply online to any registering authority within the state.

Although this Act has been passed, state governments are at liberty to make their own rules and law enforcement.

To safeguard yourself and your vehicle, always make sure you have a valid and active car insurance or two-wheeler insurance.

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