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Pollution Certificate for Vehicles

There’s something special about traveling with our loved ones in our own vehicle, be it a short trip for grocery shopping or long drives on the weekend. We always enjoy the comfort and convenience that comes along with driving in our own vehicles. Especially, in the fast-paced environment we live in demanding a similar pace from us, seldom do we think about the effect our zipping around has on the environment. The number of vehicles on road has increased exponentially over the years leading to a subsequent increase in the levels of pollution. This has affected the air quality and the environment, which leads to a number of health hazards like long congestion, breathing problems and so on.

What is a Vehicle Pollution Certificate (PUC)?

The increase in the number of vehicles has also led to a steady rise in the pollution index globally. Which is why to curb the pollution levels and keep them under control, the government of India has made it mandatory. All the vehicles on road are expected to have a PUC certificate as an important document to carry while driving. Similarly, insurance providers expect vehicle owners to have a valid PUC certificate in order to issue a renewal for your motor insurance policy.

While it may not be possible to avoid car usage or motoring around, it is our responsibility to ensure our vehicles are in compliance with the guidelines for reducing pollution levels on our roads, as this affects the health of all of us. While this is beneficial on an environmental and health aspect, it also helps you maintain your vehicle and keep it in mint condition.

Why is a PUC Certificate required?

Similar to vehicle insurance, a Pollution Under Control certificate for your vehicle is an assurance that the carbon emissions from your vehicle are under control and abiding by the pollution norms of the government. The certificate is an official approval document issued by the government of India after a thorough inspection of the emission levels of your vehicle. The government of India has made having a PUC certificate as mandatory as carrying a driving license, insurance policy, and vehicle registration while driving.

Need a Pollution Certificate for a Car?

Listed below are the government approved permissible levels of pollution that can be emitted from petrol cars.

Vehicle Type

Bharat Stage (BS) Manufactured under

Carbon Mono-Oxide

HydroCarbon (PPM)

Four-Wheelers

BSII norms

3%

1500

Four-Wheelers

BS III norms

0.5%

750

Need a Pollution Certificate for a Two & Three Wheeler?

Listed below are the permissible levels of pollution that can be emitted from two and three-wheelers.

Vehicle Type

Date of Manufacture

Carbon Mono-Oxide

HydroCarbon (PPM)

Two and Three-Wheelers (Two/Four-stroke)

On or before 31 March 2000

4.5%

9000

Two and Three-Wheelers (Two-stroke)

After 31 March 2000

3.5%

6000

Two and Three-Wheelers (Four-stroke)

After 31 March 2000

3.5%

4500

Need a Pollution Certificate for Petrol/CNG/LPG (BS4)?

Listed below are the permissible pollution levels of pollution that can be emitted from private cars and commercial vehicles with different fuel types such as Petrol, CNG, and LPG. 

Vehicle Type

Bharat Stage Manufactured under

Carbon Mono-Oxide

HydroCarbon (PPM)

CNG/LPG Four-Wheelers  

BS IV norms

0.3%

200

Petrol Four-Wheelers 

BS IV norms

0.3%

200

Need a Pollution Certificate for Diesel Vehicles?

Unlike petrol vehicles, diesel vehicles are not tested based on the date of manufacture or Bharat Stage norms, but on the levels of smoke density. Listed below are the permissible pollution levels of pollution that can be emitted from diesel vehicles.

Type of Test

Bharat Stage Manufactured Under

Maximum Smoke Density

Light Absorption Coefficient - 1/metre

Hartridge Units

Free acceleration test for the naturally aspirated engine and turbocharged engine for vehicles

Pre-BS IV norms

2.45

65

Free acceleration test for the naturally aspirated engine and turbocharged engine for vehicles

BS-IV norms

1.62

50

 

What are the penalties for not having a PUC certificate?

The PUC certificate is an authorised validation to drive legally on the road that ensures that the percentage of carbon emission and the amount of pollution your vehicle adds is under control and in adherence to the government’s policy. The Motor Vehicle Act of 1988 has made it mandatory for all the vehicle drivers on road to have a soft or hard copy of the valid PUC certificate. Failing to possess a valid PUC certificate will expose the riders to penalties and hefty fines under Section 190(2). Riders without a valid certificate will be fined Rs. 1000 for the first time, and Rs. 2000 for the second time and the fine amount will increase for every subsequent violation. Though you cannot access a digital certificate, you can download it from the Parivahan web portal.

How to check the status of the PUC Certificate and download?

The vehicle owners can access the PUC Certificate from the Parivahan web portal only if the certificate is valid or active with the following steps:

Step 1: Go to the Parivahan section of the PUC certificate

Step 2: Enter the details of your vehicle’s registration number and Chassis Number.

Step 3: After that, you can enter the security code and click on “PUC Details”.

Step 4: Once all the details are filled, if the status of your emission test is active, the webpage will direct you to a new page to confirm the active status and display the test readings and validity period.

Step 5: Click on Print to download the pollution vehicle certificate from the website.

You can also check the status of your application from the website. Check out the following steps to monitor the status of your application. The government of India has launched an online platform for all the services related to PUC Certificate. Check out the following steps to check the status of your application:

Step 1: Go to the PUC certificate section of the Parivahan website.

Step 2: Enter the Application ID and the security code.

Step 3: Click on View Application Details option to know the status of the application.

What does the PUC Certificate contain?

The PUC certificate has been made mandatory by the Government of India similar to a driving license and registration certificate. It is important to renew your PUC certificate once every six months or one year. Let us take a look at the contents of the PUC certificate. The certificate entails the serial number to keep track of the last tests taken, the registration number of the vehicle, the date of the PUC test of your vehicle, the validity date of the certificate, and the test reading.

What are the benefits of obtaining a PUC Certificate for your vehicle?

While the benefits of having a PUC certificate are endless, listed below are three of the major benefits.

It helps you take better care of your vehicle

We always make our utmost efforts to keep our vehicles in mint condition. But having a PUC certificate in place helps you understand the condition of your vehicle better and take better care of it. Renewing your PUC certificate once every six months helps you be aware of your vehicle’s pollution levels and get it serviced before it deters the performance of your vehicle.

It helps you avoid penalties

The PUC certification has become a mandatory requirement by the Government of India under the Motor Vehicle Act of 1988. Not having a certificate can lead to you paying hefty penalties. This can deter you from getting or renewing vehicle insurance. Save a lot of money and time by getting your vehicle a PUC certificate.

It helps you be environmentally friendly

All of us do our little parts in making the world a healthier and better place to live in. Having an environmentally sound vehicle with a PUC certificate in place makes a huge difference in creating a pollution-free and environmentally friendly world.

Getting your vehicle inspected and owning a valid PUC certificate every six months or one year is the first step in owning up to your responsibility as a vehicle owner. Stay compliant and put your best foot forward towards a healthy and clean environment for all of us to live in.

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