Car tyres are the most perishable component that is often neglected. Even those who take good care of their car check only the tyre pressure. They don’t pay attention to the tread that begins to wear. It is important to check the wear and tear of the tread at regular intervals. Not replacing your car’s tyre on time may affect your car’s cornering, braking and stability. But first, let’s see when you need to replace your car tyres.
Worn Out Tread
The tread on your car tyres is a good indicator of their health. The tread helps the car in many ways. It provides grip on wet roads, throws away water from the tyres and also helps in braking. Based on your usage they wear out over a period of time. You can check the tread depth using a one rupee coin. Take the coin and put it in each groove of the tread. Check how deep the coin goes. Repeat the same process for all the tyres. If the tread depth seems similar in all four tyres, your tyres are in good condition. If they are not similar, it’s a sign for tyre replacement.
Uneven Wear Pattern
Uneven wear occurs due to sudden acceleration, hard braking or even when you have under-inflated or over-inflated your car tyres. Driving the car at a constant speed and sticking to the manufacturer recommended tyre pressure will help in reducing the stress on the tyres. Uneven wear can be seen and if you notice it in your car, you need to replace the tyres.
Sidewall keeps your car stable. They are built to withstand extreme forces and pressure. At times driving over potholes or hitting a kerb may cause a crack, bulge or blister to the sidewall. This poses a serious threat to the entire tyre’s structure and it might end up in a tyre burst. In such situations, it is recommended to replace the tyre immediately.
Now that you know when to replace the car tyres, let’s walk you through the various factors you need to consider while buying new tyres.
Check Owner’s Manual
As a first step, take your owner’s manual and look for the recommended size and type of the tyre. You need to make sure that you are purchasing the right size and type of tyres. If you are unable to find the owners manual, visit the manufacturer’s website or check with your dealer for details.
Once you have figured out the tyre size, see if it matches with the tyre. The size of the tyre will be mentioned in a standard format in every tyre. For Example, a Maruti Swift’s tyre size will be 165/80 R14. Here, 165 denotes the width of the tyre in millimetres, 80 is the height of the sidewall as a ratio with the width, 14 refers to the diameter of the rim in inches and R stands for Radial - meaning the way in which it has been constructed.
If you are driving an old car, you might be driving with a tube-type tyre. This is now outdated. Nowadays, most of the cars come with tubeless tyres. They are:
- Considered safe as they don’t lose air suddenly in case of a puncture
- Liquid sealants can be used during puncture
- Lightweight and improves fuel efficiency
- Improves stability and offers a comfortable ride
- More durable and long-lasting than tube-type tyres
Note: If you want to replace the tube-type tyres to tubeless you need to check the rim compatibility. If there is a mismatch, it is recommended to stick to tube-type tyres.
Tyre market is flooded with a lot of brands. Tyre being a vital component, it is important to do research by comparing various tyre brands based on the rubber compound, price, warranty, etc.... Don’t just go by what their website says, look for reviews and customer feedback on other websites where you can find unbiased information.
Change All Four Tyres Together
It is always recommended to changes all the four tyres in one go. This will ensure all the tyres have the same level of tread depth, design and construction adding more stability to the car. Also, you don’t have to keep a check on each tyre every few months.
We hope you now have more clarity on tyre replacement. Go ahead and choose the best tyres for your car. Happy and safe motoring from all of us at Cholamandalam car insurance.