Today, with increased awareness about the pollutant levels in the world, options of ultra-low- emission vehicles have been introduced into the vehicular market. Suited for those consciously trying to reduce their carbon footprint, these new age green vehicles are an increasing trend.
If you’re thinking about investing in one, the choices and decision making criteria can be rather daunting.
Here, is a look at some of the hybrids, which can run on electricity but also have a petrol or diesel engine, and pure electric vehicles, which run on electricity alone – to help you evaluate which option might work best for you
What is a hybrid car?
Automobiles engineers have been working on developing hybrid cars for years now. However, due to the massive costs and its unpopularity in the market for various reasons, it is still something that we don’t see too often on the roads.
Hybrid cars are powered by two engines: one petrol, one electric. Both work with each other to spin the wheels. This means lesser petrol being burned and therefore better fuel efficiency. When compared to conventional vehicles, hybrids offer better power and fuel efficiency as they combine the benefits of high fuel efficiency and low emissions. When hybrid vehicles are cruising or while braking, the result is excess power which is used to charge the batteries. This, in turn, aids higher fuel efficiency or range.
There are different types of Hybrids in the market
- Mild Hybrids- A mild hybrid system is the simplest and most cost-effective way of adding electric drivetrain components to a vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine (ICE).
- Series Hybrids- also known as power split or parallel hybrid -- is what most people think of when they think of a hybrid vehicle. These use a downsized ICE to provide power at higher speeds and in higher load conditions, and a battery-electric system to move the vehicle at low speeds and low-load conditions.
- The Pug in Hybrid - the next logical step forward from the series hybrid system. These cars move closer to the fully electric vehicle side of the continuum, with the ability to go longer distances on electric power alone
- Two-mode Hybrid - This operates in two different ways. While in the first mode, it works just like a regular hybrid card. In the second mode, the design can adjust to different requirements by the engine to meet specific vehicle tasks.
- Parallel Hybrid - The parallel hybrid combines both electric and internal combustion engines to power the vehicle. They can run together or can be used as the primary power source while the other kicks in when extra power is required such as a hill climb, overtake a vehicle, etc.
What is an Electric/Battery Car?
Battery electric vehicles are mostly what they sound like: A big battery with at least one electric drive motor wired to it. Not to forget, tons of complex software to manage the thousands of individual cells that make up that big battery. In mechanical words, BEVs are the least complex of all the vehicles we're covering when you consider that even the simplest multi-cylinder internal combustion engine has many hundreds of moving parts, while an electric motor only has its rotor.
Hybrid Vs Electric
The main difference between the two cars is that the hybrid combines an internal combustion engine and electric motor(s) to send power to its wheels. However, the electric car draws power from a single source of the electric motor(s) to propel the vehicle.
While hybrid cars offer better fuel efficiency or longer distances/ranges, electric vehicles are still yet to reach that potential. That said, electric vehicles pollute lower emissions compared to hybrid cars that are dependent on an internal combustion engine.
Advantages and disadvantages of Hybrid Cars
Hybrid cars may be the next big thing at the moment before the automobile industry moves into pure electric vehicles. So, understanding the pros and cons of hybrid cars will help you in making the right choices.
Pros of Hybrid Cars
- Cleaner Emissions
- Less Fuel Dependency
- Smaller and Efficient Engine
- Regenerative Braking
Cons of Hybrid Cars
- Lower Performance
- Expensive to Buy
- High Maintenance Cost
Advantages and disadvantages of Electric Cars
The global environmental strain we have caused is very high, in order to make sure that the planet is able to breathe, one of the steps to achieve that is the evolution of the electric cars.
Pros of Electric Cars
- Clean Emissions
- Affordable to buy
- Good range (Avg 194 miles on a single charge)
- High charge rate and capable of rapid charge as well
Cons Of Electric Cars
- For long journeys - better planning needed
- Not many models available at the moment.
With a lot of research going into the development of these special low emission cars, the automobile industry is slowly changing, keeping in mind the safety of the planet. By increasing the options and improving the quality available in the market, the growing range of these vehicles helps people make the right choice.